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Solenoid valve principle
Gauss Industrial Co.,Ltd | Updated: Dec 07, 2018

Solenoid valves are divided into three main categories in principle:

Direct acting solenoid valve

Principle: When energized, the electromagnetic coil generates electromagnetic force to lift the closing member from the valve seat, and the valve is opened; when the power is off, the electromagnetic force disappears, the spring presses the closing member against the valve seat, and the valve is closed.

Features: It can work normally under vacuum, negative pressure and zero pressure, but the diameter is generally not more than 25mm.


Step-by-step direct-acting solenoid valve

Principle: It is a combination of direct motion and pilot type. When there is no pressure difference between the inlet and the outlet, after energization, the electromagnetic force directly lifts the pilot small valve and the main valve closing member upward, and the valve opens. When the inlet and outlet reach the starting pressure difference, after the energization, the electromagnetic force leads the small valve, the pressure of the lower chamber of the main valve rises, and the pressure of the upper chamber drops, so that the main valve is pushed upward by the pressure difference; when the power is off, the pilot valve uses the spring The force or medium pressure pushes the closure and moves down to close the valve.

Features: It can also be operated at zero pressure difference or vacuum or high pressure, but the power is large, and it must be installed horizontally.


Pilot solenoid valve

Principle: When energized, the electromagnetic force opens the pilot hole, the pressure in the upper chamber drops rapidly, and a pressure difference between the lower part and the lower part is formed around the closing member. The fluid pressure pushes the closing member upward to move the valve to open; when the power is off, the spring force leads the pilot. The hole is closed, and the inlet pressure passes through the bypass hole. The rapid chamber forms a lower high and high pressure difference around the valve closing member, and the fluid pressure pushes the closing member downward to close the valve.

Features: The upper limit of the fluid pressure range is high, can be installed arbitrarily (customized), but must meet the fluid pressure difference conditions.


2, the difference between the solenoid valve from the valve structure and material and the principle, divided into six sub-categories: direct-moving diaphragm structure, step-by-step direct diaphragm structure, pilot diaphragm structure, direct-acting piston structure, Step-by-step linear motion piston structure and pilot piston structure.


3. Solenoid valves are classified according to their functions: water solenoid valve, steam solenoid valve, refrigeration solenoid valve, low temperature solenoid valve, gas solenoid valve, fire solenoid valve, ammonia solenoid valve, gas solenoid valve, liquid solenoid valve, miniature solenoid valve, Pulse solenoid valve, hydraulic solenoid valve normally open solenoid valve, oil solenoid valve, DC solenoid valve, high pressure solenoid valve, explosion-proof solenoid valve, etc.


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